Chapter twenty two – Leg Injuries
The knee is a complex joint which can bend and extend for motion and is a weight bearing joint. The knee can be part of a kinetic sequence directly troubled by motions and forces happening and sent from the feet, ankle, and lower leg. The knee then simply transmits makes to the upper leg, hip, pelvis, and spine.
The knee is has four major affection which regulates stability. The medial security ligament (MCL) and spectrum of ankle collateral ligament (LCL) are recorded the factors of the knees and prevent the joint coming from sliding side by side. The susodicho cruciate tendon (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) form a great " X" on the inside of the knee preventing the knees from sliding back and forth. These limitations upon knee movement allow the knees to put emphasis the makes of the muscle groups on flexion and extension.
The knees also has two shock-absorbing components of cartilage known as menisci that sit on the best surface of the tibia. The menisci allow the femoral condyle to move on the tibial surface without scrubbing.
Range of Motion
* Loss of motion is likely by:
2. Effects of Personal injury
* Shock of Surgery
* Associated with immobilization
5. Ligaments will not heal entirely for 18-24 months therefore waiting is not an option * Early range of motion may minimize damaging changes
* Manipulated movement needs to be initiated early and based on patient tolerance and healing constraints Exercises
* Lively assistive leg slides: employ good lower leg supporting hurt knee to regain flexion and file format * Wall slides to regain flexion and file format
* Energetic assistive knees slides upon wall
* Knee extension with ft . support (towel) regain extendable (flex knee towards floor) * Knee extension in prone with ankle fat to regain extension (on stomach) 5. Groin stretches
* Kneeling thrusts
2. Knee extensors stretch
5. Side-lying knees extensor stretch with sports cord
* Knee flexor...