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Dance/Movement Therapy with Battered Women: A Paradigm of Action Fern Leventhal Meg Chang
This post highlights the contributions that dance/movement remedy can make to the treatment of battered women. Simply by motivating woman victims of domestic assault to act, dance/movement therapy address patterns of helplessness, biformity, and lack of exercise. Dance/movement concours help ladies internalize an optimistic self-concept and also gain emotional and physical control. In keeping with the initial, crisis-oriented character of normal treatment of battered women, a psychosocial plan of input which tackles their isolation and immobilization is recommended. Finally, implications for in-depth, dance/movement therapy are made.
his paper provides a theoretical structure for dance/movement therapists who also work with victims of home-based violence. Dance/movement therapy offers a paradigm of action to address the physical and behavioral patterns of immobilization generally found in battered women. These kinds of women frequently respond to a threatening circumstance by entering " a state of suspended animation through which no element of the situation can change" (Martin, 1976, p. 82). The psychological notion of '~learned helplessness" (Walker, 1979) aptly identifies how abused women's submissive a in d passive a t t we t u d elizabeth s are d elizabeth t elizabeth r meters i and e g b y t l e i r l e r c e p big t i to n h of The experts gratefully admit the input of playwright Karen Malpede for her innovative collaboration in sessions with battered girls. We also want to thank Eileen Moran, whose vision and support made this work likely.
American Record of Move Therapy Vol. 13, No . 2, Autumn/winter 1991
В© 1991 American Dance Therapy Association
Leventhal and Chang
reality. These perceptions affect not just a woman's decision to alter an abusive circumstance, but also her capacity to take the methods necessary to reorganize her lifestyle. ~'Battering is known as a pattern of coercive control that one person exercises over another" (Schechter, 1987, s. 4). Specifically, a %attered woman is actually a woman that is repeatedly exposed to any forceful physical or perhaps psychological habit by a man in order to coerce her to complete something he wants her to do without any concern on her behalf rights" (Walker, 1979, s. xv). The phenomenon of battering involves physical violence, psychological abuse, financial deprivation, or sexual coercion as way of enforcing dominance, superiority. While these kinds of dynamics are generally not limited to heterosexual or maledominated relationships, this information focuses on women victim and presumes a male overfaldsmand. Physical mistreatment is the most clear form of battering. It is evidenced by dark eyes, craters, and broken bones. Fewer obvious manifestations of physical intimidation include pushing, stopping, slapping, choking, shoving, punching, biting, and destruction of property. Emotional abuse means verbal hazards to get rid of, maim, or perhaps disable the girl. In more simple forms of intimidation and embarrassment, emotional mistreatment serves to undermine the woman self-confidence and independence. Hazards against different family members are also common. The primary intention from the verbal connection is to stimulate fear and compliance. Coercive and violent sex is forcing the lady to take part in sexual acts against her will. Financial abuse arises at all socio-economic levels. Forced by the threat of assault, economic deprival effectively reephasizes a women's dependence. Economic abuse may take several varieties. A battered woman might be forced to become the sole monetary support for the friends and family. Or alternatively, she could possibly be prevented from earning profits, holding personal bank accounts, or perhaps having any financial responsibility. These types of different types of battering may arise separately or perhaps in combination. Although physical mistreatment is the most reported type due to the obvious indications, it does not act as the sole conditions of battering. '~Battered girls themselves are the very best judges of...
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